THIS WEEK IN HISTORY: MAY 2ND to MAY 6TH:
Friday – May 6, 2016 – Today in History:
1835 – James Gordon Bennett published the “New York Herald” for the first time.
1861 – Arkansas became the ninth state to secede from the Union.
1877 – Chief Crazy Horse surrendered to U.S. troops in Nebraska.
1882 – The U.S. Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act. The act barred Chinese immigrants from the U.S. for 10 years.
1937 – The German airship Hindenburg crashed and burned in Lakehurst, NJ. Thirty-six people (of the 97 on board) were killed.
1941 – Bob Hope gave his first USO show at California’s March Field.
1942 – During World War II, the Japanese seized control of the Philippines. About 15,000 Americans and Filipinos on Corregidor surrendered to the Japanese.
1945 – Axis Sally made her final propaganda broadcast to Allied troops.
1960 – U.S. President Eisenhower signed the Civil Rights Act of 1960.
1962 – The first nuclear warhead was fired from the Polaris submarine.
1981 – A jury of international architects and sculptors unanimously selected Maya Ying Lin’s entry for the design of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
1994 – The Channel Tunnel officially opened. The tunnel under the English Channel links England and France.
1994 – Former Arkansas state worker Paula Jones filed suit against U.S. President Clinton. The case alleged that he had sexually harassed her in 1991.
1999 – A parole board in New York voted to release Amy Fisher. She had been in jail for 7 years for shooting her lover’s wife, Mary Jo Buttafuoco, in the face.
2001 – Chandra Levy’s parents reported her missing to police in Washington, DC. Levy’s body was found on May 22, 2002 in Rock Creek Park.
Thursday – May 5, 2016 – Today in History:
1798 – U.S. Secretary of War William McHenry ordered that the USS Constitution be made ready for sea. The frigate was launched on October 21, 1797, but had never been put to sea.
1814 – The British attacked the American forces at Ft. Ontario, Oswego, NY.
1862 – The Battle of Puebla took place. It is celebrated as Cinco de Mayo Day.
1865 – The Thirteenth Amendment was ratified, abolishing slavery in the U.S.
1891 – Music Hall was dedicated in New York City. It was later renamed Carnegie Hall.
1892 – The U.S. Congress extended the Geary Chinese Exclusion Act for 10 more years. The act required Chinese in the U.S. to be registered or face deportation.
1916 – U.S. Marines invaded the Dominican Republic.
1945 – A Japanese balloon bomb exploded on Gearhart Mountain in Oregon. A pregnant woman and five children were killed.
1961 – Alan Sheppard became the first American in space when he made a 15 minute suborbital flight.
1987 – The U.S. congressional Iran-Contra hearings opened.
1991 – In New York, Carnegie Hall marked its 100th anniversary.
2000 – The final episode of “Boy Meets World” aired on ABC.
Wednesday – May 4, 2016 – Today in History:
1776 – Rhode Island declared its freedom from England two months before the Declaration of Independence was adopted.
1814 – Napoleon Bonaparte disembarked at Portoferraio on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.
1863 – The Battle of Chancellorsville ended when the Union Army retreated.
1904 – The U.S. formally took control of the property for construction of the Panama Canal.
1916 – Germany agreed to limit its submarine warfare after a demand from U.S. President Wilson.
1942 – The Battle of the Coral Sea commenced as American and Japanese carriers launched their attacks at each other.
1942 – The United States began food rationing.
1961 – Thirteen civil rights activists, dubbed “Freedom Riders,” began a bus trip through the South.
1970 – The Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on students during an anti-Vietnam war protest at Kent State University. Four students were killed and nine others were wounded.
1979 – Margaret Thatcher became Britain’s first woman prime minister.
1994 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat signed a historic accord on Palestinian autonomy that granted self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
2012 – In Las Vegas, NV, Google received the first self-driving vehicle testing license.
Tuesday – May 3, 2016 – Today in History:
1802 – Washington, DC, was incorporated as a city.
1859 – France declared war on Austria.
1921 – West Virginia imposed the first state sales tax.
1926 – U.S. Marines landed in Nicaragua and stayed until 1933.
1933 – The U.S. Mint was under the direction of a woman for the first time when Nellie Ross took the position.
1937 – Margaret Mitchell won a Pulitzer Prize for “Gone With The Wind.”
1944 – Wartime rationing of most grades of meats ended in the U.S.
1948 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to blacks and other minorities were legally unenforceable.
1952 – The first airplane landed at the geographic North Pole.
1968 – After three days of battle, the U.S. Marines retook Dai Do complex in Vietnam. They found that the North Vietnamese had evacuated the area.
1971 – Anti-war protesters began four days of demonstrations in Washington, DC.
1971 – National Public Radio broadcast for the first time.
1988 – The White House acknowledged that first lady Nancy Reagan had used astrological advice to help schedule her husband’s activities.
1992 – Five days of rioting and looting ended in Los Angeles, CA. The riots, that killed 53 people, began after the acquittal of police officers in the beating of Rodney King.
1997 – The “Republic of Texas” surrendered to authorities ending an armed standoff where two people were held hostage. The group asserts the independence of Texas from the U.S.
2000 – The trial of two Libyans accused of killing 270 people in the bombing of Pan Am flight 103 (over Lockerbie) opened.
2006 – In Alexandria, VA, Al-Quaida conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui was given a sentence of life in prison for his role in the terrorist attack on the U.S. on September 11, 2001.
Monday – May 2, 2016 – Today in History:
1776 – France and Spain agreed to donate arms to American rebels fighting the British.
1797 – A mutiny in the British navy spread from Spithead to the rest of the fleet.
1798 – The black General Toussaint L’ouverture forced British troops to agree to evacuate the port of Santo Domingo.
1808 – The citizens of Madrid rose up against Napoleon.
1863 – Confederate Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson was wounded by his own men in the battle of Chancellorsville, VA. He died 8 days later.
1865 – U.S. President Andrew Johnson offered $100,000 reward for the capture of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
1885 – The magazine “Good Housekeeping” was first published.
1890 – The Oklahoma Territory was organized.
1926 – U.S. Marines landed in Nicaragua to put down a revolt and to protect U.S. interests. They did not depart until 1933.
1941 – Hostilities broke out between British forces in Iraq and that country’s pro-German faction.
1941 – The FCC agreed to let regular scheduling of TV broadcasts by commercial TV stations begin on July 1, 1941. This was the start of network television.
1945 – Russians took Berlin after 12 days of fierce house-to-house fighting. The Allies announced the surrender of Nazi troops in Italy and parts of Austria.
1946 – Prisoners revolted at California’s Alcatraz prison.
1970 – Student anti-war protesters at Ohio’s Kent State University burn down the campus ROTC building. The National Guard took control of the campus.
1974 – Former U.S. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew was disbarred by the Maryland Court of Appeals.
1993 – Authorities said that they had recovered the remains of David Koresh from the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, TX.
1994 – Nelson Mandela claimed victory after South Africa’s first democratic elections.
2002 – It was reported that Phyllis Diller had retired from touring.