MAY 9th 2016: THIS DAY IN HISTORY:

MAY 9th 2016: THIS DAY IN HISTORY:

Hello everybody today is Monday May 9th 2016 and here’s a list of things that happened on this day in history.

1092: The Lincoln Cathedral is consecrated in England.

1439: Pope Pius III is born.

1502: Christopher Columbus leaves Spain for his fourth and final journey to the “New World” and to search for a sea passage to India.

1657: William Bradford the Governor of the Plymouth Colony of Massachusetts dies.

1671: Colonel Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. He is caught immediately because he is too drunk to run with the loot. He is quickly convicted of the attempted theft and was sentenced to death however, in a mysterious turn of events for the 1600’s he was pardoned by King Charles II and then exiled.

1754: The first newspaper cartoon in America was published in the Pennsylvania Gazette which showed a divided snake saying “Join or die”.

1788: The English parliament accepts abolishing of slave trading.

1791: Francis Hopkinson, an American signer of the Declaration of Independence dies.

1862: The Battle of Farmington, Mississippi and Fort Pickens, Florida now named Pensacola begins resulting in an evacuation by the Confederates.

1862: The US Naval Academy is relocated from Annapolis, Maryland, to Newport, Rhode Island.

1864: The Battle of Dalton, Georgia begins.

1868: The city of Reno, Nevada, is founded.

1874: The first horse-drawn omnibus makes its debut in the city of Mumbai.

1899: The first Lawn mower is patented.

1901: Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.

1904: A massive fireball is seen over the Teleutskoye Lake area of Russia, which is visible over a 455,000 km2 area, and also created high levels of ground shock due to a powerful meteorite storm over the region.

1905: Anna Reeves Jarvis, the inspiration for the modern Mother’s Day in the USA dies.

1913: The 17th amendment is ratified to provide for the election of senators by popular vote.

1914: US President Woodrow Wilson signs a proclamation designating the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day.

1915: The second battle of World War 1 begins between German and French forces in Artois.

1926: Admiral Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett claim to have flown over the North Pole.

1927: The Australian Parliament convenes for the first time in the new capital, Canberra.

1933: The unofficial mayor of Hollywood Johnny Grant is born.

1936: Italy formally annexes Ethiopia (Abyssinia) after taking the capital Addis Ababa on May 5.

1936: The first sheet of postage stamps of more than one variety went on sale in New York City.

1940: The German submarine U-9 sinks the French coastal submarine Doris near Den Helder during World War II.

1941: A peace treaty is signed between Vichy France and Siam, granting large areas of Cambodia and Laos to Siam.

1941: The English Army breaks German spy codes.

1941: The German submarine U-110 is captured by the Royal Navy during World War II. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later used to break the highly complicated coding system used by the Germans to send coded messages deemed to be unbreakable.

1942: Belgrade becomes the first Axis-conquered city to murder and/or eliminate it’s Jewish, Black, and Gay population during World War II largely with the help of Serbian collaborators.

1944: Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes the Governor of Louisiana.

1944: The Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol.

1945: U.S. officials announced that the midnight entertainment curfew was being lifted immediately.

1945: At 0001 hours French time the Second World War in Europe officially ends.

1945: At 0015 hours Central European Time in Karlshorst, Berlin, Germany, a second signing of the military surrender of Germany is held. The surrender is signed by Field Marshal General Wilhelm Keitel, General Admiral Hans Georg von Friedeburg, and General Hans Juergen Stumpff, as well as commanders in chief of the German Army, Navy, and Air Force, respectively. Signing on behalf of the Soviet Commander in Chief of the Red Army is General Marshal Zhukov. Signing on behalf of General Eisenhower is Air Chief Marshal Arthur Tedder.

1945: Czechoslovakia is liberated from German occupation.

1945: Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl is arrested.

1945: The Soviet Union celebrates VE Day. In 1418 days of military operations, 20-26 million Soviets were killed, with another 40 million wounded, leaving 25 million homeless. On the German-Russian front, 10 million German troops were killed or wounded. Destruction to the Soviet Union: 70,000 villages, 1700 cities and towns, 84,000 schools, 40,000 hospitals, 43,000 libraries, 32,000 factories, 400 museums, 40,000 miles of railway, and 45 million horses, cattle, and pigs.

1945: The Red Army of World War II enters Prague (capitulation of Nazi occupation troops).

1945: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British during World War II.

1945: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day citing the end of World War II.

1949: American singer, songwriter, and piano player Billy Joel is born in Hicksville near Long Island, New York, and went on to create hits like: “Piano man”, “Captain Jack”, “Bridge”.

1950: Robert Schuman presents his proposal on the creation of an organized Europe, which he proclaimed would be indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations across the region. This proposal, known as the “Schuman declaration”, is considered by some people to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union.

1955: West Germany (The German Federal Republic) joins NATO during the Cold War.

1955: Sam and Friends debuts on a local U.S. television channel, marking the first television appearance of Jim Henson and what would become Kermit the Frog and the Muppets.

1956: The first ascent of Manaslu, the world’s eighth-highest mountain occurred.

1957: Fred Markham who was the first man to pedal a bike at an incredible 65 mph is born.

1960: Nigeria becomes a member of the British Commonwealth.

1960: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves the sale of the first ever birth control pill which made the United States the first country in the world to legalize the use of birth control.

1960: The US sends U-2 spy plane over the USSR.

1961: The US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Chairman Newton Minow criticizes TV as a “vast wasteland”.

1962: The first time that a laser beam was successfully bounced off of the Moon and back Earth.

1962: The US performs atmospheric nuclear tests at Christmas Island.

1963: The US performs nuclear tests at Nevada Test Site.

1966: The People’s Republic of China performs nuclear tests at Lop Nor.

1970: Well over 100,000 people in the United States come together for a massive demonstration against the Vietnam War. The protestors held a peaceful demonstration behind a barricaded White House due to security concerns by White House officials.

1974: The House Judiciary Committee begins formal public hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon due to the Watergate Scandal.

1979: The US and USSR sign the Salt 2 treaty, agreeing to limit nuclear weapons.

1980: A Liberian freighter SS Summit Venture hits the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay sending 35 people (most of the people where in a bus) to a watery death as a 1,400-foot section of the bridge collapsed.

1988: Queen Elizabeth II opens the new Australian House of Parliament in Canberra.

1989: Journalists petition the Chinese Government for freedom of press.

1991: James L Reinsch, media advisor to Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and John F. Kennedy dies.

1993: The first presidential and parliamentary elections in 50 years are held in Paraguay.

1994: Nelson Mandela is inaugurated as South Africa’s first black president.

1995: Residents of Kinshasa, Zaire are placed under strict quarantine after an outbreak of the Ebola virus.

1996: In video testimony to a courtroom in Little Rock, AR, U.S. President Clinton insisted that he had nothing to do with a $300,000 loan in the criminal case against his former Whitewater partners.

2002: A remote-controlled bomb explodes in Kaspiysk, Russia during a holiday parade that killed 43 people and injured at least 130 others.

2002: A 38-day stand-off with Palestinians inside of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem comes to an end when they agree to have 13 suspected militants who were among them taking refuge in the church deported to face charges in several different countries.

2004: Chechen president Akhmad Kadyrov is killed by a landmine that was placed under the VIP stage on which he was standing during a World War II memorial parade in Grozny.

2005: Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is selected to be the successor of Pope John Paul II.

2007: Subtropical storm Andrea forms off the coast of Florida, the earliest subtropical storm to form since Ana in 2003.

2010: The International Monetary Fund (IMF) approves a nearly $40 billion three-year loan to Greece.

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