THIS WEEK IN HISTORY: April 11th to April 15th
Friday – April 15, 2016 – Today in History:
1813 – U.S. troops under James Wilkinson attacked the Spanish-held city of Mobile that would be in the future state of Alabama.
1817 – The first American school for the deaf was opened in Hartford, CT.
1850 – The city of San Francisco was incorporated.
1861 – U.S. President Lincoln mobilized the Federal army.
1865 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln died from injuries inflicted by John Wilkes Booth.
1871 – “Wild Bill” Hickok became the marshal of Abilene, Kansas.
1880 – William Gladstone became Prime Minister of England.
1892 – The General Electric Company was organized.
1912 – The ocean liner Titanic sank in the North Atlantic after hitting an iceberg the evening before. 1,517 people died and more than 700 people survived.
1917 – The British defeated the Germans at the battle of Arras.
1923 – Insulin became generally available for people suffering with diabetes.
1945 – During World War II, British and Canadian troops liberated the Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen.
1952 – U.S. President Harry Truman signed the official Japanese peace treaty.
1952 – The first B-52 prototype was tested in the air.
1956 – The worlds’ first, all-color TV station was dedicated. It was WNBQ-TV in Chicago and is now WMAQ-TV.
1959 – Cuban leader Fidel Castro began a U.S. goodwill tour.
1986 – U.S. F-111 warplanes attacked Libya in response to the bombing of a discotheque in Berlin on April 5, 1986.
1989 – Students in Beijing launched a series of pro-democracy protests upon the death of former Communist Party leader Hu Yaobang. The protests led to the Tienanmen Square massacre.
1994 – The World Trade Organization was established.
1998 – Pol Pot died at the age of 73. The leader of the Khmer Rouge regime thereby evaded prosecution for the deaths of 2 million Cambodians.
2000 – 600 anti-IMF (International Monetary Fund) protesters were arrested in Washington, DC, for demonstrating without a permit.
2010 – In Prospect Harbor, ME, the Stinson Seafood plant stopped sardine processing after 135 years in operation.
Thursday – April 14, 2016 – Today in History:
1775 – The first abolitionist society in U.S. was organized in Philadelphia with Ben Franklin as president.
1828 – The first edition of Noah Webster’s dictionary was published under the name “American Dictionary of the English Language.”
1860 – The first Pony Express rider arrived in San Francisco with mail originating in St. Joseph, MO.
1865 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in Ford’s Theater by John Wilkes Booth. He actually died early the next morning.
1889 – The first international Conference of American States began in Washington, DC.
1912 – The Atlantic passenger liner Titanic, on its maiden voyage hit an iceberg and began to sink. 1,517 people lost their lives and more than 700 survived.
1918 – The U.S. First Aero Squadron engaged in America’s first aerial dogfight with enemy aircraft over Toul, France.
1946 – The civil war between Communists and nationalist resumed in China.
1953 – Viet Minh invaded Laos with 40,00 troops.
1959 – The Taft Memorial Bell Tower was dedicated in Washington, DC.
1969 – For the first time, a major league baseball game was played in Montreal, Canada.
1981 – America’s first space shuttle, Columbia, returned to Earth after a three-day test flight. The shuttle orbited the Earth 36 times during the mission.
1986 – U.S. President Reagan announced the U.S. air raid on military and terrorist related targets in Libya.
1988 – Representatives from the U.S.S.R., Pakistan, Afghanistan and the U.S. signed an agreement that called for the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan starting on May 15. The last Soviet troop left Afghanistan on February 15, 1989.
1994 – Two American F-15 warplanes inadvertently shot down two U.S. helicopters over northern Iraq. 26 people were killed including 15 Americans.
1998 – The state of Virginia ignored the requests from the World Court and executed a Paraguayan for the murder of a U.S. woman.
1999 – Pakistan test-fired a ballistic missile that was capable of carrying a nuclear warhead and reaching its rival neighbor India.
2000 – After five years of deadlock, Russia approved the START II treaty that calls for the scrapping of U.S. and Russian nuclear warheads. The Russian government warned it would abandon all arms-control pacts if Washington continued with an anti-missile system.
2002 – U.S. President George W. Bush sent a letter of congratulations to JCPenny’s associates for being in business for 100 years. James Cash (J.C.) Penney had opened his first retail store on April 14, 1902.
2002 – Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returned to office two days after being arrested by his country’s military.
2008 – Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines announced they were combining.
Wednesday – April 13, 2016 – Today in History:
1775 – Lord North extended the New England Restraining Act to South Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland. It prohibited trade with any country other than Britain and Ireland.
1782 – Washington, NC, was incorporated as the first town to be named for George Washington.
1796 – The first known elephant to arrive in the United States from Bengal, India.
1829 – The English Parliament granted freedom of religion to Catholics.
1860 – The first mail was delivered via Pony Express when a westbound rider arrived in Sacramento, CA from St. Joseph, MO.
1861 – After 34 hours of bombardment, the Union-held Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates.
1916 – The first hybrid, seed corn was purchased for 15-cents a bushel by Samuel Ramsay.
1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated the Jefferson Memorial.
1949 – Philip S. Hench and associates announced that cortisone was an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis.
1960 – The first navigational satellite was launched into Earth’s orbit.
1976 – The U.S. Federal Reserve introduced $2 bicentennial notes.
1984 – U.S. President Reagan sent emergency military aid to El Salvador without congressional approval.
1984 – Christopher Walker was killed in a fight with police in New Hampshire. Walker was wanted as a suspect in the kidnappings of 11 young women in several states.
1998 – Dolly, the world’s first cloned sheep, gave natural birth to a healthy baby lamb.
1999 – Jack Kervorkian was sentenced in Pontiac, MI, to 10 to 25 years for the 2nd-degree murder of Thomas Youk. Youk’s assisted suicide was videotaped and shown on “60 Minutes” in 1998.
2002 – Venezuela’s interim president, Pedro Carmona, resigned a day after taking office. Thousands of protesters had supported over the ousting of President Hugo Chavez.
2007 – Google announced that it had acquired the advertising service company DoubleClick for $3.1 billion.
Tuesday – April 12, 2016 – Today in History:
1782 – The British navy won its only naval engagement against the colonists in the American Revolution at the Battle of Saints, off Dominica.
1811 – The first colonists arrived at Cape Disappointment, Washington.
1861 – Fort Sumter was shelled by Confederacy, starting America’s Civil War.
1864 – Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, in Tennessee and slaughters the black Union troops there.
1892 – Voters in Lockport, New York, became the first in the U.S. to use voting machines.
1916 – American cavalrymen and Mexican bandit troops clashed at Parrel, Mexico.
1938 – The first U.S. law requiring a medical test for a marriage license was enacted in New York.
1944 – The U.S. Twentieth Air Force was activated to begin the strategic bombing of Japan.
1945 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died in Warm Spring, GA. He died of a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 63. Harry S Truman became president.
1955 – The University of Michigan Polio Vaccine Evaluation Center announced that the polio vaccine of Dr. Jonas Salk was “safe, effective and potent.”
1963 – Police used dogs and cattle prods on peaceful civil rights demonstrators in Birmingham, AL.
1981 – The space shuttle Columbia blasted off from Cape Canaveral, FL, on its first test flight.
1982 – The British Navy began enforcing a blockade around the Falkland Islands.
1983 – Harold Washington was elected the first black mayor of Chicago.
1984 – Astronauts aboard the space shuttle Challenger made the first satellite repair in orbit by returning the Solar Max satellite to space.
1987 – Texaco filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy after it failed to settle a legal dispute with Pennzoil Co.
1989 – In the U.S.S.R, ration cards were issued for the first time since World War II. The ration was prompted by a sugar shortage.
1993 – NATO began enforcing a no-fly zone over Bosnia and Herzegovina.
2002 – Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez resigned under pressure from the country’s divided military. (He was returned to office two days later.)
2009 – American cargo ship captain Richard Phillips was rescued from Somali pirates by U.S. Navy snipers who shot and killed three of the hostage-takers.
Monday – April 11, 2016 – Today in History:
1783 – After receiving a copy of the provisional treaty on March 13, the U.S. Congress proclaimed a formal end to hostilities with Great Britain.
1803 – A twin-screw propeller steamboat was patented by John Stevens.
1898 – U.S. President William McKinley asked Congress for a declaration of war with Spain.
1899 – The treaty ending the Spanish-American War was declared in effect.
1901 – Construction on the Empire State Building was completed. The building was dedicated and opened on May 1, 1931.
1941 – Germany bombers blitzed Coventry, England.
1945 – U.S. troops reached the Elbe River in Germany.
1945 – During World War II, American soldiers liberated the Nazi concentration camp of Buchenwald in Germany.
1951 – U.S. President Truman fired General Douglas MacArthur as head of United Nations forces in Korea.
1968 – U.S. President Johnson signed the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
1970 – Apollo 13 blasted off on a mission to the moon that was disrupted when an explosion crippled the spacecraft. The astronauts did return safely.
1974 – The Judiciary committee subpoenas U.S. President Richard Nixon to produce tapes for impeachment inquiry.
1981 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan returned to the White House from the hospital after recovering from an assassination attempt on March 30.
1985 – Scientists in Hawaii measured the distance between the earth and moon within one inch.
1991 – U.N. Security Council issued a formal cease-fire with Iraq.
2001 – China agreed to release 24 crewmembers of a U.S. surveillance plane. The EP-3E Navy crew had been held since April 1 on Hainan, where the plane had made an emergency landing after an in-flight collision with a Chinese fighter jet. The Chinese pilot was missing and presumed dead.
2003 – American troops took the northern Iraqi city of Mosul without a fight.
2006 – Iran announced that it had enriched uranium on a small scale for the first time.